Router settings for Wi-Fi
Using the internet on a single PC is easy you can just connect your PC using the cable and you will be able to use an internet connection. But using the internet connection wireless-enabled devices like smartphones, tablets, laptop requires a wireless connection. As people are becoming aware of technology, they are starting to like configuring their devices by themselves. Configuring the router is important either you do it by yourself or the technician does while installing the router. You should always change the default setting of your router because most of the manufacturers usually have open networks and common administrative passwords that anyone can use to access your router.
How to change the settings of the router to secure the router
Here are the best settings for the router that you can change for a faster internet connection and securing your router. Before proceeding, you should know that every router has a different interface. So, if you don’t find the exact setting then you should look for similar settings.
Opening the admin panel
The first thing you will need to do for changing your router settings is login into the admin panel of your router because this is the place from where you can change the settings of your router. So, check your router’s user manual or the sticker on the rear or lower panel of the router for default IP address and credentials of your router. You can also go to this page to find the default IP address, username and password of your router brand. After finding your credentials and IP address you should enter the IP address into the browser (Note: you can use any browser). Then the login page for your router’s admin panel will be open where you will need to enter the username and password. Now hit the enter key to login into the admin panel of your router.
Changing the default credentials
After opening the admin panel of your router, the first thing you will need to do to secure the router is changing the default username and password of your router. To change the default username and password you will have to login. Follow the login instruction mentioned above and open the admin panel and find the current password and write a new password for your router. Now save the new password of your router. While entering a new password you should make sure that you are using a strong password for your router that can’t be cracked easily.
Changing the IP address
Next, setting you should change in your router is the default IP address of your router. Most of the router manufacturers use 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1 as default IP addresses. The default IP address can be found easily on the official website of the router brands. That is why you should always change your default IP address so that nobody can use it to access your router. You can change the second-last section to a random number between 1 and 254. For example, you can change it to 192.168.20.1 or you can also change the entire subnet.
Set the DHCP server mode to disable
This is a feature in every router that provides an IP address to every device that connects to your router. You should disable this setting because by doing so, every time device is trying to connect it will need to be assigned a static IP address. So, in case if anyone has your username and password they will still have to find the IP address to enter the network. But in case you want to keep this setting enabled then you should set the IP address range to a minimum. For example, if you have 10 devices that you usually connect to your router then set the DHCP server to give out only 10 IP addresses. By doing so, 11th device won’t get an IP address to enter into the network.
Changing the wireless network name
If you are wondering why you should change your router network name, how does it can affect your network security? Then you should know that always change the information of your router that gives out details stating that it is your network. So, you should always make sure that you change the network name of your router. If you are unable to find the setting for changing your router name then you should look for SSID. The network name of the router is also known as SSID.
Disable the Wireless SSID broadcast
This is another feature on routers that can secure your router network. If disable this feature your network will be hidden from those who are searching for the available network. After disabling the broadcast you will need to add your wireless network every time you want to connect a new device.
Enable the WPS or SES mode in the router
This feature is mostly used in the wireless routers to protect the wireless connections. By enabling this feature you won’t the password to connect your devices to the router you will have to press the WPS or SES button on the router. So, if anyone wants to connect their device with your route then they have to press the WPS or SES of your router. This is a great feature for those whose router is physically in a safe place but if your router is not placed at a safe place then you shouldn’t use this feature.
Set up the wireless security
To set up the wireless security in your router you will need to open the wireless setting of your router. Most of the router has this feature disabled by default which is not a good thing for your network security. With this feature, anyone can access your router network and they won’t even need the password. To protect your router’s wireless connect you should always choose WPA2 Personal with TKIP or AES algorithms. After that, you will need to set a password, try using a strong and long password that won’t be easy for anyone to guess.
Use MAC filter
Using the MAC filter feature is the best thing that you can do to secure your router. Using this feature on your router you allow your router to connect only known devices and unknown devices to reject. You should configure this section carefully and only allow the MAC address of the known devices.
Checking activity and updates
You should frequently check your activity to know your network activity information like when your network was used, for how long your network was used, which devices are using your network, or the used bandwidth, etc. Using this feature you will know if an unknown person uses your network. Some routers also provide the feature to send a mail or SMS to alert users for these types of conditions. If your router has this feature then you should definitely use it. Apart from checking your activity log you should also keep updated the firmware of your router. By updating the firmware of your router you will get additional features and security if there is any bug in the current firmware.
Setting guest network
This feature allows you to set up a guest network for visitors or temporary users. By setting up the guest network on your router you give temporary access to your guest or visitors. You should only enable this feature when you really need it because with this feature you will allow the guest users for internet usage.